Client: 1.1.11 (Steam PC)
I had two separate, unequipped quivers that I used once and then wouldn't recharge. As seen in the image, they would always say 1 hour left even after a short rest, long rest, etc.
Once I equipped one of the quivers and then rested it recharged where as the one that wasn't equipped did not.
Have a quiver in the inventory (not equipped), use it, travel to spend a day, attempt to use it again.